The Nile Water Agreement

Finally, I would like to remind Your Excellency that Her Majesty`s Government in the United Kingdom has already recognized Egypt`s natural and historical rights in the waters of the Nile. I must say that Her Majesty`s Government in the United Kingdom considers respect for these rights to be a fundamental principle of British policy and gives your Excellency the most positive assurances that this principle and the detailed provisions of this agreement will be respected at all times and under all conditions. “To the British government: the BRITISH government has already started negotiations with the Ethiopian government on its proposal and we had imagined that the negotiations with us would have been concluded, whether this proposal entered into force or not; We never thought that the British Government would reach an agreement on our lake with another government. It appears from the above excerpts that neither the British experts nor their American colleague spoke of Egypt`s “natural and historical rights in the waters of the Nile and its demands for agricultural expansion.” The majority report left the whole problem to be solved over time. The minority has given up admitting that Egypt has an acquired right to the “unfit” waters of this stream. Indeed, several Egyptian leaders have threatened to go to war to protect these so-called “acquired rights.” Upstream countries, such as Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Ethiopia, argued that they were not bound by these agreements because they were never contracting parties. Indeed, Tanganjikas (now Tanzania, after unification with Zanzibar in 1964), Julius Nyerere, argued shortly after Britain`s independence in 1961 that the Nile water agreements delivered his country and other upstream countries to Egypt`s grace, forcing them to submit their national development plans to Cairo`s control and surveillance, and that such an approach to law and order was not consistent with the country`s status as a sovereign State as an independent State. it is compatible. This is the state. Since then, all upstream riparian countries have come out in favour of a new, more inclusive legal framework for the regulation of the Nile basin. In 1875, the Conservative government of Benjamin Disraeli bought the 44% stake of indebted Egyptian leader Ismail in the Suez Canal for £4 million to ensure control of this strategic waterway, a shipping channel between the UK and India since it opened six years earlier under Emperor Napoleon III. .

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