As of November 10, 2020, Russian troops and tanks that were to constitute a peacekeeping force under the agreement are expected to enter the Nagorno-Karabakh region.  The force was reportedly airlifted to Armenia prior to the signing of the agreement.  Until November 12, the Russian force consisted mainly of personnel from the 15th Separate Motor Rifle Brigade, which had invaded Stepanakert and began deploying observation posts throughout the region.  Russian armed peacekeeping forces are deployed to oversee the deal. With the Russian mediation of the ceasefire and the broader terms it contains, Russian President Vladimir Putin reaffirmed the central importance of his country in the conflict as the undisputed mediator of power in the region and became Armenia`s best ally and only ally ready to act on the ground, if only to defend Armenia`s internationally recognized borders. On September 27, 2020, new hostilities began between Azerbaijan and the self-proclaimed Republic of Arzach, supported by Armenia. Over the next six weeks, Azerbaijan made several territorial gains that culminated in the capture of the strategic city of Shusha and led the two sides to agree on a ceasefire agreement on November 9, 2020.  Telegram channels published the full text of the statement of the leaders of Russia, Armenia and Azerbaijan, Vladimir Putin, Nikol Pashinyan and Ilham Aliyev, on the end of the war in the Nagorno-Karabakh region and the conditions for peace. The November 9 ceasefire agreement, brokered by Russia, which ended 44 days of war in Nagorno-Karabakh, appears to be holding.
This is largely due to the fact that this time Azerbaijan has made considerable profits and at least some Armenian-majority regions are protected by the rapid deployment of 2,000 Russian armed forces to implement the military conditions of the agreement. Repeated attempts at a ceasefire, relayed by France, Russia and the United States, which together lead the “Minsk Group”, which has been trying for years to end the conflict, have repeatedly failed in recent weeks. Under the agreement, Armenia is to hand over the Kelbajar region in northwestern Nagorno-Karabakh to Azerbaijan on 15 November. November 20 followed the Aghdam region in eastern Nagorno-Karabakh. The full text of the declaration between Azerbaijan and Armenia revealed that Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev said that Pashinjan had no choice but to sign the “historic agreement”. The ceasefire agreement came just hours after Azerbaijan admitted to accidentally shooting down a Russian military helicopter flying in Armenia. After the signing of the agreement, Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan said: “This is not a victory, but there is no defeat until you consider yourself defeated, we will never consider ourselves defeated, and it will be a new beginning of an era of national unity and rebirth.”  After the ceasefire agreement was announced, violent protests erupted in Yerevan. . . .