The decision adopts the mutual recognition agreement as part of a set of 7 agreements with Switzerland. The Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA) aims to promote trade in goods between the European Community (now the EU) and Switzerland by removing technical barriers. Under the bilateral agreement approved by EU countries on 21 June 1999, the EU and Switzerland accept the results of the compliance assessment, which are carried out respectively for certain industrial products. It is a comprehensive agreement based on the equivalence of Swiss legislation with that of the EU. It includes recognition of compliance assessments, regardless of the origin of the products, with the exception of Chapter 15 on drugs, BMP inspection and batch certification. This type of MRA agreement is commonly referred to as “Enhanced MRA.” The case of Switzerland, however, remains quite unique. In their resolution of 21 December 1989, EU governments agreed on the principles of the MRA. On 21 September 1992, they authorised the European Commission to negotiate mutual recognition agreements with certain third countries on behalf of the EU. Mutual recognition agreement between the EU and Switzerland (MRA) In accordance with the principle of Cotonou differentiation, not all ACP countries are required to open their markets to EU products after 2008. The group of least developed countries is in a position to continue cooperation either within the framework of the Lomé agreements or the “Everything but Arms” regulation.
The Cotonou Agreement replaced the Lomé Convention, which has served as the basis for development cooperation between ACP countries and the EU since 1975. However, the Cotonou agreement is much broader than any previous agreement. It must last 20 years and is based on four main principles: recognising that impunity is one of the factors contributing to cycles of violence and insecurity, the preamble and Article 11.6 of the revised Cotonou Agreement include a clear commitment from ACP and EU countries to combat impunity and promote justice through the International Criminal Court. Since the International Criminal Court is based on the principle of complementarity, the Cotonou Agreement, revised in 2005, has an obligation to ensure the prosecution of the most serious crimes at the national level and through global cooperation. In addition, Article 11.6 of the agreement contains a clear provision that obliges States Parties: the probably most radical amendment introduced by the Cotonou Agreement concerns trade cooperation. Since the first Lomé Convention in 1975, the EU has not granted reciprocal trade preferences to ACP countries. However, under the Cotonou Agreement, this system has been replaced by the Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs), a new regime that came into force in 2008. The new regime provides for reciprocal trade agreements, which means that not only does the EU grant duty-free access to its ACP export markets, but also that ACP countries grant duty-free access to their own markets for EU exports. Under the new agreement, the EU can be more selective and flexible in allocating and using its development resources. Endowments are based on an assessment of a country`s needs and performance and include the ability to regularly adjust financial resources.
In practice, this means that more money can be paid to “good interpreters” and that the proportion of “bad interpreters” can be reduced.